Burn Injuries

Burn injuries can result from open flames, energized electric, and hot fluids (scalds). Serious burns can cause permanent damage and must be treated properly. Burns are listed by their degree of seriousness:

  • 1st Degree – skin may appear red, sore, not blistered; similar to a minor sunburn.
  • 2nd Degree – skin may be blistered, painful, may ooze fluid. These burns can become infected and cause scarring.
  • 3rd Degree – extremely serious burns. Skin may appear white, brown, or charred; may be painless at first because nerves are destroyed.

 TREATMENT OF BURN INJURIES

  • 1st degree – Cool the burn with clean tap water or cool compresses.
  • 2nd degree – Apply clean, cool water. Remove clothing not stuck to wound; remove jewelry as swelling is likely. Don’t cool large body area as this may cause shock. If burn area is large, cover with clean sheet/dressing. Keep warm. Seek emergency care; hospitalization may be required.
  • 3rd degree – these burns are a serious medical emergency and professional care should be sought quickly to prevent additional damage, life-threatening shock, disfigurement and potentially death. Apply clean, cool water. Remove clothing not stuck to wound; remove jewelry as swelling is likely. Don’t cool large body area as this may cause shock. If burn area is large, cover with clean sheet/dressing. Keep warm. Seek emergency care; hospitalization will very likely be required.